Now available for general purchase!
Electric Bike Maintenance Manual by Dr. Don Gerhardt
      ISBN 978-00-9905228-05
 This is the same copy of the book on a USB drive each student
is provided with in the technician training courses.
  The manual has 19 chapters on various E-Bike systems
and components and includes over 50 appendices with technical
service information and videos on diagnostics and battery testing.
To Order
-send an an e-mail to with your shipping address
-make Paypal payment of $60.00 to
-your copy on a USB stick will be shipped within 2 days

eBikes: The Missing Link in LA Transportation?

In this time of changing mobility in Los Angeles, bicycling is on the increase. And bikes are being touted by Metro as a cog in the wheel, as it were, of the regional transit network. If you want to use bus or train to commute but the bus stop or station is some distance from home, as is often the case in the spread-out Southland, Metro urges you to ride that “first mile-last mile” by bike.

But what if that bike route to the station is several miles or features some very steep hills or your knees feel a bit creaky?

The solution just may lie with an eBikes. Read more here.

IZIP E3 Metro wins iF Design’s Taipei Cycle Design and Innovation Award

Currie Technologies is proud to announce that the all-new IZIP E3 Metro electric bike has won iF Design’s 2014 Taipei Cycle Design and Innovation Award. This prestigious award will be officially presented by the iF Design jury during Asia’s biggest cycle fair, Taipei Cycle Show, held March 5th through 8th, 2014. Read more.

AllCell Technologies Hires Tom Nation to Lead Manufacturing Operations

January 24, 2014– AllCell Technologies, producer of safe and long-lasting lithium-ion batteries for transportation and renewable energy applications, today announced the hiring of Tom Nation as VP of Manufacturing.  Nation brings over 30 years of operations, engineering, and product development experience from the automotive industry to assist the rapidly-growing battery firm as it ramps up production capacity.
“We are thrilled to have somebody with Tom’s breadth and depth of experience join our team at this critical stage in our growth,” said AllCell CEO Said Al-Hallaj.  “As we continue to add new customers and develop increasingly complex products, Tom’s leadership will be invaluable.”
Nation began his career at Ford Motor Company, where he held a variety of engineering, operations, and management positions.  When Ford spun off the components division as Visteon in 2001, Nation took on the role of Senior Director of European Manufacturing Operations for Visteon, with responsibility for 15 manufacturing sites across 4 countries.  He finished his career at Visteon as Global Senior Director for the Powertrain Cooling Product Line & Climate Product Group TQCM where he successfully achieved annual cost reductions of $240 million for the $4 billion product group.
Nation is looking forward to the new challenge of managing growth for a technology start-up.  “AllCell’s thermal management technology provides tremendous benefits for large battery systems, and I am very excited to support the rapid growth of the company.”
# # #
About AllCell Technologies
AllCell Technologies ( designs and manufactures lithium-ion battery packs for transportation and renewable energy applications.  The company’s patented thermal management technology allows production of compact, lightweight, and long-lasting batteries.  AllCell’s thermal management technology is based on the use of phase change materials (PCM) to surround each lithium-ion cell, absorbing and conducting heat away to dramatically extend the life of the cells and prevent fire or damage to the battery.  AllCell’s products avoid the need for expensive, complicated, and inefficient active thermal management systems, replacing pumps, motors, and hoses with an elegant passive system that requires no energy to operate and has no moving parts.
# # #
For more information, please contact:
AllCell Technologies
Jake Edie
Tel: +1-773-922-1155 x216

Sierra Magazine Tells LEVA Why They LOVE Bikes

Over the years SIERRA magazine has had a love affair with bicycles and these recent articles attest to that fact. For the full stories please click on the links below the excerpts.

July/August 2012:

What I like best about bikes is that they make people happy…
-Bob Sipchen, Director of Communications of the Sierra Club

What I like best about bikes is that they make people happy, in the same way that slobbering, tail-wagging dogs do. They, too, come in a hilarious array of breeds, each designed to fit our needs, from the utilitarian sheepdog (delivery bike) to the psychological shih tzu (brakeless, fixed-gear urban affectation). Suited businesspeople and fedora'd hipsters career down city streets grinning. More than a few Sierra Clubbers clomp into work each morning wearing bike cleats. Soon enough, their endorphin-fueled blush evolves into clear-eyed focus.

July/August 2011:

Look, It's a Cheatercycle!...How a pedaling PURIST learned to love (or at least not be so embarrassed by) electric bikes
By Lynn Rapoport

No amount of portable wattage will fix the problem of not enough bike lanes. But the extra hardware on e-bikes, aside from making them--I have to admit--kind of fun, might just seduce potential riders who are afraid of hills, or of arriving at the office drenched in sweat, or of going into cardiac arrest while hauling kids around on a cargo. In which case, electric bikes could help to dampen the nation's enthusiasm for the internal combustion engine. I'd have to tweak my fondest daydream, of course--the one in which most people power themselves through the world--but that's a compromise I could live with.

In Sausalito, an older gentleman from Santa Clara admiringly circled the Metro and queried me on its wattage. He allowed that this particular model was less than ideal for hoisting onto a bus or train during commutes, but predicted that soon enough, maybe around the time gas reached $5 a gallon, we'd all be riding one or another of its kind.

As I motored back up the hill, pretending not to enjoy the painless ascent I'd panted through on countless other rides, I imagined sharing the road with more of these things. Looking out at the traffic jam clogging the bridge ahead of me, I could appreciate the Santa Clara man's prediction. A proliferation of e-bikes would, I knew, be good for the planet--provided their batteries were recharged in hydropower-rich places like Seattle, rather than in coal-dependent places like Atlanta.

July/August 2013:

Self-Satisfied Cyclists
by Paul Rauber, acting executive editor

Nearing the finish, I spot another rider 100 yards ahead. I shift up and stand in the pedals for quick acceleration. Quads burning, I soon hit my lactate threshold. How long can I keep this up? Digging deep for a last burst of speed, I pass the lady towing her kid in a trailer. The kid waves, and I continue on to the train station.

Not that my fellow cyclists and I are in need of further reason to be pleased with ourselves, but our favorite form of locomotion just happens to be a powerful weapon against climate change.

eCycleElectric International Consultants announces results of research into USA ebike market size for 2013

During the one-year period July 2012 to July 2013, the USA Electric Bike market appears to have doubled over numbers published by Electric Bike Reports Worldwide for 2012. 

Searches of Customs and Border Protection records, phone surveys of dealers, Internet searches and interviews of distributors and dealers have revealed a doubling of USA ebike sales in the last 12 months.

908 retailers, (not including mass merchants such as Wal-Mart and Amazon) claim to be selling electric bikes.  These dealers include electric bike specialists, electric vehicle specialists, motor sports retailers, Internet retailers, independent bicycle dealers, hardware stores, car parts stores, and more. Major mass merchants such as Wal-Mart, Sears, Target, Best Buy, (and Amazon) are also participating, although not in all of their stores locations.

134 brands were identified as being offered for sale through these channels. Of those brands, at least 54 imported new product during this period.  Some brands are represented by product left over or on close out, but at least 30 brands are clearly in business, active, and thought to be growing.

While most electric bikes are imported to the USA from factories in China or Taiwan, companies such as Prodeco and Optibike assemble in the USA. Some complete bikes come rom Europe.

Almost all parts (bicycle parts, motors, batteries, controllers, etc.)  used to assemble an electric bike are imported from China or Taiwan.  Estimates of the number of bikes assembled from these parts are included in the total estimate of USA sales for the 12 months ending in July 2013 of 159,000 units. Compared to estimated 70,000 the previous year.

About eCycleElectric

eCE is an international consulting firm and trusted advisor with deep industry and functional expertise in the Light Electric Vehicle (LEV) industry. Our carefully selected team has experience covering the last 40 years of the bicycle industry and has been involved in electric bicycles and has worked with LEV companies (electric scooters, motorcycles, drive systems, batteries, motors and controllers) since 1996.


Edward Benjamin
Senior Managing Director 
Tel:  1-239-410-5187

Legal Analysis: Trademark Issues Proliferate in the Internet Age

Published in Bicycle Retailer and Industry News December 17, 2013
Reprinted with permission
by Steven W. Hansen

There has been quite a bit of ink used recently discussing trademarks and their enforcement and the folks at BRAIN wanted me to write about the topic generally. I want to make it clear that nothing written in this column is meant to comment upon or pass judgment upon recent issues in the news. We are not privy to all the non-public facts; this is just a general legal overview of the subject. Read the rest of the article here.

Running an Electric Bike Store in New York City: An Interview with Bert from NYCE Wheels

by LEVA Member Pete Prebus January 10, 2011

Imagine zipping through the mega metropolis known as New York City on an electric bike! You may want a bike that is quick and nimble, is fully outfitted with fenders and a chain guard so you can commute in your work clothes, and/or can be folded up to take on the subway or transported up stairs to your small apartment. Well if you are looking to buy an electric bike in New York City chances are you will visit NyceWheels run by Bert Cebular. Read the rest of the article here.

Boulder considers allowing electric bikes on paths

Pilot program tied to Transportation Master Plan effort to encourage less driving.

Advocates for electric bikes say they're just as safe as regular bicycles, and having access to the paths would allow users to take more advantage of Boulder's cycling infrastructure. Some other users of the multi-use paths say the faster speeds and greater weight of electric bicycles means they cannot safely share the already-congested trails with pedestrians and standard bikes.

The pilot program, which requires the approval of the Boulder City Council, is one of several ideas the Transportation Department wants to test as part of its update to the transportation master plan.

Senior Transportation Planner Marni Ratzel said the department hasn't made a decision on whether to recommend the electric bikes pilot program. However, the department is interested in ideas that would get more people out of their cars and using alternative forms of transportation.

"We're interested in trying to understand those barriers and see if there are ways to get through those barriers," she said.

Electric-assisted bicycles have some advantages in that regard. They require less effort to get up hills, and they can go faster than many casual cyclists could ride.

Ratzel said some people who wouldn't use a standard bike to go grocery shopping or take longer trips might change their mind if they could ride an electric bicycle away from traffic.

If the pilot program moves forward, it would last a year and be limited to the paved multi-use path system. Electric bikes would still not be allowed on sidewalks or open space trails.

Now, electric bicycles are allowed in the bike lanes on streets shared with vehicles.

Portland and Seattle allow electric bicycles on their multi-use paths, while Denver and Fort Collins do not. Davis, Calif., is in the process of changing its policies to allow electric bikes on paths.

The city's Transportation Department is seeking public feedback now on the idea, and the Boulder City Council will take up the question in October.

The city's Transportation Advisory Board will hear an update on the proposal at its meeting Monday night and hold a public hearing in September.

Jane Spencer said she rode a bicycle for many years until a shoulder injury made it nearly impossible for her to go uphill.

"I had to quit riding my bike, and that was really difficult for me emotionally as well as physically," she said. "I lost a source of exercise, and for errands, it put me back in my car. And I didn't have the joy of riding a bicycle."

She got an electric bicycle earlier this year, and she said it has changed her life. Until recently, she didn't even realize she wasn't allowed on the multi-use path, so she rode her bicycle there under pedal power. Her bicycle has a throttle she can engage to go uphill but otherwise operates like a normal bike.

Because she lives in north Boulder near Broadway and Iris Avenue, Spencer said she would use her bicycle far less often if she could only use it on the street because she doesn't feel safe.

"I know three other women my age using them for errands," said Spencer, who is in her early 60s. "One of them is a friend who I thought would never get out of her car. I know we have a lot of really physically fit people who are going to ride into their 80s, but some of us, for injuries or other reasons, this is a very good option."

Boulder resident Charlotte Sorenson said the city rejected the idea of allowing electric bicycles on paths a decade ago, and none of the safety concerns that prevailed at the time have changed.

"The city has the goal of getting everyone out of their cars and into less polluting options, but they forget that there are pedestrians out there and the paths historically have been reserved for human-powered activities," she said.

If the city wants to encourage electric bicycles, she said, it should work on improving the safety of the on-street bike lanes.

Danny Larson, a cyclist and motorcycle rider, said he understands the tension and insecurity that people on two-wheeled vehicles can feel in traffic, but the power differential of the electric bicycle means they're not safe for the paths.

"The whole idea of the paths is you don't have to worry about traffic," he said. "You can let your mind wander more, and I feel there is too much differential in power with the e-bikes."

Jim Turner, president of Optibike, a Boulder producer of electric bicycles, said many cyclists can go faster than 15 mph under their own power. Electric bicycles allow many more people to commute from Lyons or Lafayette by bicycle, but once they hit Boulder, they cannot use the paths.

"Cars can go faster than 25 mph, but we don't restrict them from streets with a 25 mph speed limit," he said. "It's a compliance issue."

Ratzel said the department wants feedback from the public over the next two months on whether the pilot program should move forward and what types of information the department should try to collect during the pilot program in order to do an assessment that responds to community concerns.

In addition to public meetings, the department is working on organizing test ride opportunities. Ratzel said it's important for people to understand the technology, and riding an electric bike for themselves is part of that.




Pedelec Adventures Launches Iceland Challenge with Currie eFlow Bikes

From June 17th to July 21st, Pedelec Adventures will be crossing the Nordic countryside of Iceland to show what’s possible on the sporty speed-pedelecs, eflow.

Follow their adventure here:
@ Blog:

@ Twitter:!/pedelecadv

@ Facebook:


Car Industry’s Bad Track Record on Electric Vehicles

In Bike Europe’s e-mail newsletter (May 14th) reporting about the SRAM ‘Urban Days’ event in Schweinfurt, the header BMW: ‘Bike Industry Has To Learn Quickly’ caught my attention...

(click here for that story)

I may have misunderstood the details of the message by Mr. Augustin E-Mobility manager at BMW, because BE's report was very short and compact, just an attempt to summarise the spirit of what Mr. Augustin was saying.

However, based on what I read, I do think that Mr. Augustin is missing some key points:

  • Yes it is true that compared to automotive industry, the bicycle industry is very poor and very low tech, and most of our electric 2-wheelers were not based on knowledge and competence from within our industry. Remember Panasonic, Yamaha and Sanyo were the founding fathers of the electric bicycle.
  • However, the automotive industry has a very, very bad track record when it comes to adequately understanding designing and engineering bicycles, not to mention super lightweight, compact, single person electric 2-wheeled vehicles (LEV's).
  • The automotive industry may consider their market understanding, their design and engineering capability superior to that in low-tech bicycle industry. To some point that is indeed true, however they seem to forget the automotive pitfall! The dynamic interaction between bicycle and rider (man/machine) quite often is being misunderstood & underestimated by automotive engineers. The bicycle is a completely different load case than a car, a motorcycle or a scooter. Automotive vehicles have a drivetrain with relatively low torques and a high RPM's. The bicycle drivetrain has opposite requirements: high rider's torque with almost zero RPM. There is only 1 HP (horse power) available, therefore efficiency is crucial for propulsion. And there is the delicate balance between weight & structure of vehicle and rider. The vehicle's weight is only 25% of carried rider's weight.
  • In the case of LEV's these points are even more relevant. How to create the best synergy between vehicle and rider, between man/machine? WITHOUT compromising weight, compactness, manoeuvrability and footprint of the vehicle! WITH understanding future societal mobility trends and consumer (= rider) needs! At this point I am not reassured that the automotive industry better understands the future societal trends and future consumer trends when it comes to personal and micro mobility.
  • Let me put things in perspective:
  • 75% of all people in the modern world live in cities & urban environments.
  • 75% of all their traffic movements is within a short range of 0 ~ 10 km.
  • 75% of all those traffic movements is being made individually.
  • For almost 50% of all traffic movements in the modern world the car is the least suitable mobility vehicle!
  • "First Mile & Last Mile" mobility (integration with public transport systems) is becoming increasingly important.
  • Will this mobility in the near future be consumed with much more compact, yet relatively heavy 4-wheeled electric platforms? The Renault Twizzy still weighs 475 kgs, with a 100 kgs battery pack.
  • Will this mobility in the near future be consumed with even more compact 3-wheeled electric platforms? The beautiful Toyota iROAD weighs 300 kgs, with a 50 kgs battery pack.
  • Will this mobility in the near future be consumed with heavy 2-wheeled electric platforms? E-scooters still weigh 70 to 85 kgs, with battery packs that weigh in at 12 to 15 kgs.
  • I think that genuine LEV 2-wheeled vehicles will serve a substantial part of our future mobility and they have different specs:
  • Super lightweight, < 30 kg.
  • With 2.5 kg. battery pack and a range of 30 to 50 km.
  • Super compact, < 1 m2?
  • Super flexible, portable and offering 'Door-to-Door' mobility?
  • Super manoeuvrable, with a radius of orbit of 1 m.?
  • What more proof do we need?
  • Car sales in Europe in 2012 were 40% less than before the financial crisis!
  • Gas powered 2-wheeler sales in Europe very soon will completely disappear (except for  some niche, high-end power sports motorcycles).
  • European bicycle sales also have started an irreversible downward trend!
  • Yet people / consumers continue to consume more mobility than ever, and this societal consumer trend will further grow!
  • Mid to long term: in my view the loss of car sales, gas powered motor cycle sales and bicycle sales will be compensated by sales of LEV's (Pedelecs, Speed Pedelecs, slow E-bikes, E-bikes, slow E-Scooters and E-Scooters).

I agree with Mr. Augustin: bicycles won't take over! Yes, that is correct. Nevertheless, the void will be filled with electric 2-wheelers. Probably not with the 2-wheelers which the automotive industry has in mind, but with genuine LEV's.

Han Goes
Qsquare consultants
Shift micro mobility